One of the most critical components in the design of DEMO Power Plant is the Breeding Blanket (BB). Currently, four candidates are under study as options for DEMO. One of these is the Water Coolant Lithium Lead (WCLL) Breeding Blanket (BB). During the previous years a conceptual design of WCLL BB has been developed. At the current stage some open issues related to its manufacturability and design are still under evaluation. Since DEMO project is still in the pre-concept phase, the WCLL BB design team decided to investigate, in parallel with the current studies, an alternative design of the WCLL BB internal structure inspired to studies conducted in ‘90 s. The main drivers, in developing the alternative design, consisted on reducing the complexity of the internal structure itself and increasing the performances of the single module in terms of neutron shielding, tritium self-sufficiency, heat extraction and transportation to the primary heat transfer system and magneto hydrodynamic effects. All that, taking into account the lesson learned by the studies carried out in the last three years. The segment has been conceived as a single box where the lithium lead flows inside the module in poloidal direction. The rear part of the module is entirely dedicated to the cooling water manifold. A first 3d model of the alternative design has been developed, structural analyses have been carried out to optimize the internal structure against an over pressurization scenario. The results and the optimized design of the alternative WCLL BB design are here presented and discussed.

Alternative design of DEMO Water Cooled Lithium Lead internal structure

Del Nevo A.;Martelli E.;
2019

Abstract

One of the most critical components in the design of DEMO Power Plant is the Breeding Blanket (BB). Currently, four candidates are under study as options for DEMO. One of these is the Water Coolant Lithium Lead (WCLL) Breeding Blanket (BB). During the previous years a conceptual design of WCLL BB has been developed. At the current stage some open issues related to its manufacturability and design are still under evaluation. Since DEMO project is still in the pre-concept phase, the WCLL BB design team decided to investigate, in parallel with the current studies, an alternative design of the WCLL BB internal structure inspired to studies conducted in ‘90 s. The main drivers, in developing the alternative design, consisted on reducing the complexity of the internal structure itself and increasing the performances of the single module in terms of neutron shielding, tritium self-sufficiency, heat extraction and transportation to the primary heat transfer system and magneto hydrodynamic effects. All that, taking into account the lesson learned by the studies carried out in the last three years. The segment has been conceived as a single box where the lithium lead flows inside the module in poloidal direction. The rear part of the module is entirely dedicated to the cooling water manifold. A first 3d model of the alternative design has been developed, structural analyses have been carried out to optimize the internal structure against an over pressurization scenario. The results and the optimized design of the alternative WCLL BB design are here presented and discussed.
DEMO; FEM; Systems Engineering approach; WCLL Breeding Blanket
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/53865
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