The production of electric energy from solar radiation is nowadays one of the most investigated and developed “carbon free” technology. A throughout investigation of the ceramics most commonly used as heat transfer fluids and/or heat storage materials for concentrating solar power systems (i.e. alkaline and heart alkaline nitrate/nitrite mixtures) is here reported. The study stems by the need to base materials selection on an accurate and critical knowledge of all their characteristics, including their thermophysical, environmental compatibility, and economic features. At this purpose, a rating criterion have been established, to readily show the advantages and disadvantages of each material, and to highlight which characteristics of the examined materials need to be further investigated and improved. Nitrate/nitrite mixtures have also been compared with other ceramics used for thermal storage, such as solid fillers, liquid metals, other salt mixtures, or phase change materials.

Thermophysical, environmental, and compatibility properties of nitrate and nitrite containing molten salts for medium temperature CSP applications: A critical review

Corsaro N.;Sau S.;
2019

Abstract

The production of electric energy from solar radiation is nowadays one of the most investigated and developed “carbon free” technology. A throughout investigation of the ceramics most commonly used as heat transfer fluids and/or heat storage materials for concentrating solar power systems (i.e. alkaline and heart alkaline nitrate/nitrite mixtures) is here reported. The study stems by the need to base materials selection on an accurate and critical knowledge of all their characteristics, including their thermophysical, environmental compatibility, and economic features. At this purpose, a rating criterion have been established, to readily show the advantages and disadvantages of each material, and to highlight which characteristics of the examined materials need to be further investigated and improved. Nitrate/nitrite mixtures have also been compared with other ceramics used for thermal storage, such as solid fillers, liquid metals, other salt mixtures, or phase change materials.
CSP; Heat storage material; Heat transfer material; HSM; HTF; Nitrate; Nitrite; Parabolic trough CSP
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/53955
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