A promising field of application of the X-ray radiation generated by intense laser-matter interaction is the contact-microscopy of biological samples. In order to optimize the yield on the desired spectral window, it is fundamental to have an accurate characterization of this emitted radiation. To this purpose, an experimental campaign is underway with the three-nanosecond phosphate Nd:glass laser at the ABC laboratory in ENEA. The plasma was generated by irradiating solid targets with energy up to 30 J, and intensity on target up to 1014 Wcm-2. A transmission grating provided low-resolution spectra of a wide spectral range (2-50 Å). This covered also the so-called "water window" region, namely the spectral region between Oxygen and Carbon K-absorption edges (23 to 44 Å) where the absorption of carbon is ten times that of oxygen, and for this reason is of high interest for the contact-microscopy application. The X-ray yield in this spectral region was also monitored by a PIN diode filtered with 0.5 μm vanadium foil and coupled with a grazing-incidence copper mirror. A spherically-bent mica crystal was used to obtain high resolution spectra of the region going from 5.1 to 5.8 Å. This narrow spectral range was analyzed for determining the temperature of the produced plasma through the identification of different lines and of their intensity.

A laser-produced plasma X-ray source for contact microscopy

Andreoli P. L.;Bollanti S.;Bombarda F.;Cipriani M.;Consoli F.;Cristofari G.;Di Giorgio G.;Flora F.;Mezi L.;
2019

Abstract

A promising field of application of the X-ray radiation generated by intense laser-matter interaction is the contact-microscopy of biological samples. In order to optimize the yield on the desired spectral window, it is fundamental to have an accurate characterization of this emitted radiation. To this purpose, an experimental campaign is underway with the three-nanosecond phosphate Nd:glass laser at the ABC laboratory in ENEA. The plasma was generated by irradiating solid targets with energy up to 30 J, and intensity on target up to 1014 Wcm-2. A transmission grating provided low-resolution spectra of a wide spectral range (2-50 Å). This covered also the so-called "water window" region, namely the spectral region between Oxygen and Carbon K-absorption edges (23 to 44 Å) where the absorption of carbon is ten times that of oxygen, and for this reason is of high interest for the contact-microscopy application. The X-ray yield in this spectral region was also monitored by a PIN diode filtered with 0.5 μm vanadium foil and coupled with a grazing-incidence copper mirror. A spherically-bent mica crystal was used to obtain high resolution spectra of the region going from 5.1 to 5.8 Å. This narrow spectral range was analyzed for determining the temperature of the produced plasma through the identification of different lines and of their intensity.
Interaction of radiation with matter; Plasma diagnostics - interferometry, spectroscopy and imaging; X-ray detectors; X-ray generators and sources
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/54365
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