Hybrid MHD-gyrokinetic code simulations are used to investigate the dynamics of frequency sweeping reversed shear Alfvén eigenmode (RSAE) strongly driven by energetic particles (EPs) during plasma current ramp-up in a conventional tokamak configuration. A series of weakly reversed shear equilibria representing time slices of long timescale MHD equilibrium evolution is considered, where the self-consistent RSAE-EP resonant interactions on the short timescale are analyzed in detail. Both linear and non-linear RSAE dynamics are shown to be subject to the non-perturbative effect of EPs by maximizing wave-EP power transfer. In the linear stage, EPs induce evident mode structure and frequency shifts; meanwhile, RSAE saturates by radial decoupling with resonant EPs due to weak magnetic shear, and gives rise to global EP convective transport and fast frequency chirping in the non-adiabatic regime. The spatiotemporal scales of phase space wave-EP interactions are characterized by the perpendicular wavelength and wave-particle trapping time. The simulations provide insights into general as well as specific features of the RSAE spectra and EP transport in experimental observations, and illustrate the fundamental physics of wave-EP resonant interaction with the interplay of the magnetic geometry, plasma non-uniformity and non-perturbative EPs. Possible application for understanding the non-adiabatic frequency chirping as convective and relaxation branches is also discussed.
|Titolo:||Dynamics of reversed shear Alfvén eigenmode and energetic particles during current ramp-up|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|