The Water-Cooled Lithium-Lead (WCLL) Breeding Blanket (BB) is a key component in charge of ensuring Tritium production, shield the Vacuum Vessel and remove the heat generated by plasma thermal radiation and nuclear reactions. It relies on PbLi eutectic alloy adopted as breeder and neutron multiplier and refrigerate by subcooled pressurized water. The last function is fulfilled by two independent cooling systems: First Wall (FW) that faces the plasma heat flux and the Breeding Zone (BZ) that removes the deposited power of neutron and photon interaction. Several layouts of WCLL BB system have been investigated in the last years to identify a configuration that might guarantee EUROFER temperature below the limit (550 °C) and suitable thermal-hydraulic performances. This research activity focuses on the equatorial WCLL elementary cell of the Central Outboard Segment (COB), based on the WCLL BB 2018 design of DEMO 2017 baseline, investigating the cooling performances of the BZ and FW systems and their mutual interaction, verifying the reliability to deliver the coolant at adequate design conditions (i.e. 328 °C), evaluating the Eurofer temperature field in order to optimize the BZ Double Wall Tubes (DWTs), extinguishing the hot spot onset into the structures due to the implementation of the IAEA PbLi thermal conductivity as reference. The goal of the study is to compare three specific different tubes arrangement of the BZ system: the V0.6, that is the reference configuration, the V0.6_A and V0.6_B, identifying and discussing advantages and key issues from the thermal-hydraulics point of view. The analyses have been carried out using a CFD approach, adopting the commercial ANSYS CFX code, thus a 3D finite volume model of each configuration has been developed. For each WCLL design, several steady-state analyses have been performed, to evaluate the Eurofer temperature field and the thermal-hydraulics performances under different cooling configuration, changing the position of the DWTs. The results show that the FW and BZ system have a mutual interaction. Only the V0.6_B layout can safely remove the high heat loads deposited into the elementary cell, respecting the DEMO requirements. This research activity aims at laying the basis for the finalization of the WCLL BB design.
|Titolo:||Thermal-hydraulic analysis of the DEMO WCLL elementary cell: BZ tubes layout optimization|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|