Water activated by 14 MeV neutrons emits both high energy gammas from 16N and delayed neutrons from 17N. The isotopes 16,17N are produced through the 16O(n,p)16N (T1/2 = 7.13 s) and 17O(n,p)17N (T1/2 = 4.1 s) reactions, respectively. These sources of radiation represent one of the main issues for ITER having large impact on the design of the machine and on the qualification of components. To validate the calculation methodology used for ITER and to reduce the safety factors applied to the calculation results a water activation experiment was commissioned by F4E to ENEA and performed at the 14 MeV Frascati neutron generator (FNG). The experimental set-up consisted of a closed water loop, about 40 m long, where the cooling water, while transiting through an ITER FW mock-up, was irradiated by the D-T neutrons produced at FNG. 6.73 MeV gamma-rays from 16N and delayed (fast) neutrons from 17N were measured using a large CsI gamma-ray detector and an array of absolutely calibrated 3He detectors, respectively. This paper reports on the measurements of the delayed neutrons emission from 17N. The calibration of the 3He detector array and the experimental set-up are first discussed. Then the experimental results (E) for the delayed neutrons as well as the comparison with the calculation (C) performed using the MCNP Monte Carlo code (coupled to the FENDL3.1 data library) and the EASY-2007 inventory code are presented. The C/E ratio results close to unity, however it is affected by a very large error (> ±60 %) to be ascribed mainly to the uncertainty on the nuclear data used for calculation.

Measurement of delayed neutron emission from water activated by 14 MeV neutrons in a FW mock-up of ITER

Angelone M.;Pillon M.;Loreti S.;Mazzitelli G.;Del Prete P.;Villari R.;
2020

Abstract

Water activated by 14 MeV neutrons emits both high energy gammas from 16N and delayed neutrons from 17N. The isotopes 16,17N are produced through the 16O(n,p)16N (T1/2 = 7.13 s) and 17O(n,p)17N (T1/2 = 4.1 s) reactions, respectively. These sources of radiation represent one of the main issues for ITER having large impact on the design of the machine and on the qualification of components. To validate the calculation methodology used for ITER and to reduce the safety factors applied to the calculation results a water activation experiment was commissioned by F4E to ENEA and performed at the 14 MeV Frascati neutron generator (FNG). The experimental set-up consisted of a closed water loop, about 40 m long, where the cooling water, while transiting through an ITER FW mock-up, was irradiated by the D-T neutrons produced at FNG. 6.73 MeV gamma-rays from 16N and delayed (fast) neutrons from 17N were measured using a large CsI gamma-ray detector and an array of absolutely calibrated 3He detectors, respectively. This paper reports on the measurements of the delayed neutrons emission from 17N. The calibration of the 3He detector array and the experimental set-up are first discussed. Then the experimental results (E) for the delayed neutrons as well as the comparison with the calculation (C) performed using the MCNP Monte Carlo code (coupled to the FENDL3.1 data library) and the EASY-2007 inventory code are presented. The C/E ratio results close to unity, however it is affected by a very large error (> ±60 %) to be ascribed mainly to the uncertainty on the nuclear data used for calculation.
Delayed neutrons
Frascati neutron generator
Fusion neutronics
ITER
Water activation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/56569
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