The development of nanocomposites with tailored physical–chemical properties, such as nanoparticles containing magnetic iron oxides for manipulating cellular events at distance, implies exciting prospects in biomedical applications for bone tissue regeneration. In this context, this study aims to emphasize the occurrence of di_erential responsiveness in osteoblast-like cells to di_erent nanocomposites with diverse features: Dextran-grafted iron oxide (DM) nanoparticles and their hybrid nano-hydroxyapatite (DM/n-HA) counterpart. Here, responsiveness of cells in the presence of DMs or DM/n-HAs was evaluated in terms of cytoskeletal features. We observed that e_ects triggered by the DM are no more retained when DM is embedded onto the DM/n-HA nanocomposites. Also, analysis of mRNA level variations of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK), P53 and SLC11A2/DMT1 human genes showed that the DM/n-HA-treated cells retain tracts of physiological responsiveness compared to the DM-treated cells. Overall, a shielding e_ect by the n-HA component can be assumed, masking the DM’s cytotoxic potential, also hinting a modular biomimicry of the nanocomposites respect to the physiological responses of osteoblast-like cells. In this view, the biocompatibility of n-HA together with the magnetic responsiveness of DMs represent an optimized combination of structural with functional features of the DM/n-HA nano-tools for bone tissue engineering, for finely acting within physiological ranges.

Evidence of modular responsiveness of osteoblast-like cells exposed to hydroxyapatite-containing magnetic nanostructures

Palazzo B.;
2020

Abstract

The development of nanocomposites with tailored physical–chemical properties, such as nanoparticles containing magnetic iron oxides for manipulating cellular events at distance, implies exciting prospects in biomedical applications for bone tissue regeneration. In this context, this study aims to emphasize the occurrence of di_erential responsiveness in osteoblast-like cells to di_erent nanocomposites with diverse features: Dextran-grafted iron oxide (DM) nanoparticles and their hybrid nano-hydroxyapatite (DM/n-HA) counterpart. Here, responsiveness of cells in the presence of DMs or DM/n-HAs was evaluated in terms of cytoskeletal features. We observed that e_ects triggered by the DM are no more retained when DM is embedded onto the DM/n-HA nanocomposites. Also, analysis of mRNA level variations of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK), P53 and SLC11A2/DMT1 human genes showed that the DM/n-HA-treated cells retain tracts of physiological responsiveness compared to the DM-treated cells. Overall, a shielding e_ect by the n-HA component can be assumed, masking the DM’s cytotoxic potential, also hinting a modular biomimicry of the nanocomposites respect to the physiological responses of osteoblast-like cells. In this view, the biocompatibility of n-HA together with the magnetic responsiveness of DMs represent an optimized combination of structural with functional features of the DM/n-HA nano-tools for bone tissue engineering, for finely acting within physiological ranges.
Biomimicry
Bone cells
Magnetic nanocomposites
Physiological responsiveness
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/56723
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