The Breeding Blanket is a fundamental component of a nuclear fusion reactor and the Water-Cooled Lead Lithium (WCLL) blanket is one of the possible solutions proposed. In this concept, liquid lithium-lead eutectic alloy (PbLi) serves as tritium breeder, tritium carrier and neutron multiplier. The liquid metal is distributed within the breeding zone by two co-axial rectangular channels and, interacting with the reactor magnetic field, leads to the arising of MagnetoHydroDynamic (MHD) effects. In this work, the general-purpose CFD code Ansys CFX 18.2 is used to study this uncommon configuration, modelled as a prototypical square annular channel. The study covers a wide range of magnetic field intensity (up to Ha=2000) and two values for the wall conductance ratio (cw=0 and cw=0.1) representing, respectively, the ideal insulated case and one more closely approaching the WCLL manifold actual conditions. For both these scenarios, characteristic flow features and their evolution with increasing magnetic field are discussed. A correlation is found linking the pressure loss in the studied configuration and an equivalent square channel through a corrective factor ε, which exhibits an asymptotic behavior for Ha>1000 equal to εcjavax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@626eec13=0≅2.44 and εcjavax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@2e622950 =0.1≅1.12.

MHD forced convection flow in dielectric and electro-conductive rectangular annuli

Del Nevo A.
2020

Abstract

The Breeding Blanket is a fundamental component of a nuclear fusion reactor and the Water-Cooled Lead Lithium (WCLL) blanket is one of the possible solutions proposed. In this concept, liquid lithium-lead eutectic alloy (PbLi) serves as tritium breeder, tritium carrier and neutron multiplier. The liquid metal is distributed within the breeding zone by two co-axial rectangular channels and, interacting with the reactor magnetic field, leads to the arising of MagnetoHydroDynamic (MHD) effects. In this work, the general-purpose CFD code Ansys CFX 18.2 is used to study this uncommon configuration, modelled as a prototypical square annular channel. The study covers a wide range of magnetic field intensity (up to Ha=2000) and two values for the wall conductance ratio (cw=0 and cw=0.1) representing, respectively, the ideal insulated case and one more closely approaching the WCLL manifold actual conditions. For both these scenarios, characteristic flow features and their evolution with increasing magnetic field are discussed. A correlation is found linking the pressure loss in the studied configuration and an equivalent square channel through a corrective factor ε, which exhibits an asymptotic behavior for Ha>1000 equal to εcjavax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@626eec13=0≅2.44 and εcjavax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@2e622950 =0.1≅1.12.
DEMO
PbLi
WCLL
Blanket engineering
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD)
Manifold
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/56799
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