We introduce a new version of the Earth System Regional Climate model RegCM-ES and evaluate its performances for the first time over the Mediterranean region. The novel aspect of this coupled system is the possibility to simulate the dynamics of the marine ecosystem through a biogeochemical model, BFM (Biogeochemical Flux Model), coupled online with the ocean circulation model MITgcm (MIT general circulation model). The validation of atmosphere and ocean components has shown that the model is able to capture interannual and intermonthly variabilities of the atmospheric heat fluxes and spatial patterns of land surface temperature, precipitation, evaporation, and sea surface temperature with a general improvement compared to previous versions. At the same time, we diagnosed some prominent deficiencies as a warm and dry bias associated in summer with the resolution of the atmospheric module and the tuning of the boundary layer and convective precipitation scheme. On the biogeochemical side, RegCM-ES shows good skills in reproducing mean values and spatial patterns of net primary production, phosphate, and horizontal/vertical patterns of chlorophyll-a. Limitations in this case include deficiencies mainly in the simulation of mean values of nitrate and dissolved oxygen in the basin which have been associated with too large vertical mixing throughout the water column, deficiencies in the boundary conditions, and solubility computations. Overall, RegCM-ES has the potential to become a suitable tool for the analysis of the impacts of climate change on the ocean and marine biogeochemistry in the Mediterranean region and many other domains.

The Regional Earth System Model RegCM-ES: Evaluation of the Mediterranean Climate and Marine Biogeochemistry

Sannino G.
2020

Abstract

We introduce a new version of the Earth System Regional Climate model RegCM-ES and evaluate its performances for the first time over the Mediterranean region. The novel aspect of this coupled system is the possibility to simulate the dynamics of the marine ecosystem through a biogeochemical model, BFM (Biogeochemical Flux Model), coupled online with the ocean circulation model MITgcm (MIT general circulation model). The validation of atmosphere and ocean components has shown that the model is able to capture interannual and intermonthly variabilities of the atmospheric heat fluxes and spatial patterns of land surface temperature, precipitation, evaporation, and sea surface temperature with a general improvement compared to previous versions. At the same time, we diagnosed some prominent deficiencies as a warm and dry bias associated in summer with the resolution of the atmospheric module and the tuning of the boundary layer and convective precipitation scheme. On the biogeochemical side, RegCM-ES shows good skills in reproducing mean values and spatial patterns of net primary production, phosphate, and horizontal/vertical patterns of chlorophyll-a. Limitations in this case include deficiencies mainly in the simulation of mean values of nitrate and dissolved oxygen in the basin which have been associated with too large vertical mixing throughout the water column, deficiencies in the boundary conditions, and solubility computations. Overall, RegCM-ES has the potential to become a suitable tool for the analysis of the impacts of climate change on the ocean and marine biogeochemistry in the Mediterranean region and many other domains.
chlorophyll-a
dissolved oxygen
Mediterranean Sea
net primary production
nutrients
regional Earth system model
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/57165
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