The aim of the present paper is twofold. Firstly, to assess the absorbed dose in small lesions using Monte Carlo calculations in a scenario of intratumoral injection of 90Y (e.g., percutaneous ablation). Secondly, to derive a practical analytical formula for the calculation of the absorbed dose that incorporates the absorbed fractions for 90Y. The absorbed dose per unit administered activity was assessed using Monte Carlo calculations in spheres of different size (diameter 0.5-20 cm). The spheres are representative of tumor regions and are assumed to be uniformly filled with 90Y. Monte Carlo results were compared with the macrodosimetric approach used for dose calculation in liver radioembolization. The results of this analysis indicate that the use of the analytic model provides dose overestimates below 10% for lesions with diameter larger than approximately 2 cm. However, for lesions smaller than 2 cm the analytic model is likely to deviate significantly (>10%) from Monte Carlo results, providing dose overestimations larger than 50% for lesions of 0.5 cm diameter. In this paper an analytical formula derived from MC calculations that incorporates the absorbed fractions for 90Y is proposed. In a scenario of intratumoral injection of microspheres, the proposed equation can be usefully employed in the treatment planning of spherical lesions of small size (down to 0.5 cm diameter) providing dose estimates in close agreement with Monte Carlo calculations (maximum deviation below 0.5%).

Dosimetric issues associated with percutaneous ablation of small liver lesions with 90Y

D'Arienzo M.;
2020

Abstract

The aim of the present paper is twofold. Firstly, to assess the absorbed dose in small lesions using Monte Carlo calculations in a scenario of intratumoral injection of 90Y (e.g., percutaneous ablation). Secondly, to derive a practical analytical formula for the calculation of the absorbed dose that incorporates the absorbed fractions for 90Y. The absorbed dose per unit administered activity was assessed using Monte Carlo calculations in spheres of different size (diameter 0.5-20 cm). The spheres are representative of tumor regions and are assumed to be uniformly filled with 90Y. Monte Carlo results were compared with the macrodosimetric approach used for dose calculation in liver radioembolization. The results of this analysis indicate that the use of the analytic model provides dose overestimates below 10% for lesions with diameter larger than approximately 2 cm. However, for lesions smaller than 2 cm the analytic model is likely to deviate significantly (>10%) from Monte Carlo results, providing dose overestimations larger than 50% for lesions of 0.5 cm diameter. In this paper an analytical formula derived from MC calculations that incorporates the absorbed fractions for 90Y is proposed. In a scenario of intratumoral injection of microspheres, the proposed equation can be usefully employed in the treatment planning of spherical lesions of small size (down to 0.5 cm diameter) providing dose estimates in close agreement with Monte Carlo calculations (maximum deviation below 0.5%).
Liver lesions
Molecular radiotherapy
Monte carlo dosimetry
Percutaneous radioablation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/57230
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