Resin-based composites are widely used as dental restorative materials due to their excellent properties. They must have high modulus, high hardness, and be chemically inert while minimizing moisture uptake. To fulfill these higher standard prerequisites and properties, continuous improvements in each of their components are required. This study develops novel composites with multiple biofunctions. Light-cured Bis-GMA/TEGDMA dental resin (RK)/layered double hydroxide intercalated with fluoride ions (LDH-F)/calcium bentonite (Bt) hybrid composites were prepared. The loading ratio of LDH-F to Bt was varied, ranging from 2.5/2.5 to 10/10 parts per hundred RK and structural, mechanical, and biological properties were studied. The incorporation of even small mass fractions (e.g., 2.5 wt% of LDH-F and 2.5 wt% of Bt) in RK dental resin significantly improved the mechanical properties of the pristine resin. The synthetized materials showed antibacterial and antibiofilm effects against three bacterial strains isolated from healthy volunteers' saliva (Streptococcus spp., Bacteroides fragilis, and Staphylococcus epidermidis) without affecting its ability to induce dental pulp stem cells differentiation into odontoblast-like cells. The capability to balance between the antibiofilm activity and dental pulp stem cells differentiation in addition with improved mechanical properties make these materials a promising strategy in preventive and restorative dentistry.

Multifunctional bioactive resin for dental restorative materials

Tammaro L.;
2020

Abstract

Resin-based composites are widely used as dental restorative materials due to their excellent properties. They must have high modulus, high hardness, and be chemically inert while minimizing moisture uptake. To fulfill these higher standard prerequisites and properties, continuous improvements in each of their components are required. This study develops novel composites with multiple biofunctions. Light-cured Bis-GMA/TEGDMA dental resin (RK)/layered double hydroxide intercalated with fluoride ions (LDH-F)/calcium bentonite (Bt) hybrid composites were prepared. The loading ratio of LDH-F to Bt was varied, ranging from 2.5/2.5 to 10/10 parts per hundred RK and structural, mechanical, and biological properties were studied. The incorporation of even small mass fractions (e.g., 2.5 wt% of LDH-F and 2.5 wt% of Bt) in RK dental resin significantly improved the mechanical properties of the pristine resin. The synthetized materials showed antibacterial and antibiofilm effects against three bacterial strains isolated from healthy volunteers' saliva (Streptococcus spp., Bacteroides fragilis, and Staphylococcus epidermidis) without affecting its ability to induce dental pulp stem cells differentiation into odontoblast-like cells. The capability to balance between the antibiofilm activity and dental pulp stem cells differentiation in addition with improved mechanical properties make these materials a promising strategy in preventive and restorative dentistry.
Antibiofilm activity
Calcium bentonite
Composite resin
Dental materials
Layered double hydroxide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/58483
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