The filamentous actinomycete that produces the antibiotic GE23077 was isolated by the Lepetit Research Group from a soil sample collected in Thailand, and it was classified as a member of the genus Actinomadura on the basis of its morphol-ogy and cell-wall composition. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that this strain formed a distinct monophyletic line within the genus Actinomadura, and it was most closely related to Actinomadura bangladeshensis DSM 45347T (99.31% similarity) and Actinomadura mexicana DSM 44485T (98.94%). The GE23077-producing strain formed an extensively branched, non-fragmented vegetative mycelium; no pseudosporangia were formed and the arthrospores were organized in slightly twisted chains. The cell wall contained meso-2,6-diaminopimelic acid and the diagnostic sugar was madu-rose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H6), with minor amounts of MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H4). The diagnostic phospho-lipids were phosphatidylinositol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major cellular fatty acids were C16:0 and tuberculostearic acid (10-methyloctadecanoic acid), followed by minor amounts of C18:1ω9c, C16:1ω7c and 10-methylheptadecanoic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 71.77 mol%. Significant differences in the morphological, chemotaxonomic and biochemical data, and the low DNA–DNA relatedness between the GE23077-producing strain and closely related type strains clearly demonstrate that it represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura lepetitiana sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NRRL B-65521T(=LMG 31258T=DSM 109019T).

Description of the bacterial rna polymerase inhibitor ge23077-producer actinomadura sp. Nrrl b-65521t as actinomadura lepetitiana sp. nov

Dalmastri C.;
2020

Abstract

The filamentous actinomycete that produces the antibiotic GE23077 was isolated by the Lepetit Research Group from a soil sample collected in Thailand, and it was classified as a member of the genus Actinomadura on the basis of its morphol-ogy and cell-wall composition. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that this strain formed a distinct monophyletic line within the genus Actinomadura, and it was most closely related to Actinomadura bangladeshensis DSM 45347T (99.31% similarity) and Actinomadura mexicana DSM 44485T (98.94%). The GE23077-producing strain formed an extensively branched, non-fragmented vegetative mycelium; no pseudosporangia were formed and the arthrospores were organized in slightly twisted chains. The cell wall contained meso-2,6-diaminopimelic acid and the diagnostic sugar was madu-rose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H6), with minor amounts of MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H4). The diagnostic phospho-lipids were phosphatidylinositol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major cellular fatty acids were C16:0 and tuberculostearic acid (10-methyloctadecanoic acid), followed by minor amounts of C18:1ω9c, C16:1ω7c and 10-methylheptadecanoic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 71.77 mol%. Significant differences in the morphological, chemotaxonomic and biochemical data, and the low DNA–DNA relatedness between the GE23077-producing strain and closely related type strains clearly demonstrate that it represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura lepetitiana sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NRRL B-65521T(=LMG 31258T=DSM 109019T).
Actinomadura lepetitiana sp. nov
Actinomadura sp. NRRL B-65521
Actinomycetes
Antibiotics
Bacterial RNA polymerase inhibitor GE23077
Actinobacteria
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Base Composition
DNA, Bacterial
Diaminopimelic Acid
Fatty Acids
Nucleic Acid Hybridization
Phospholipids
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Thailand
Vitamin K 2
Phylogeny
Soil Microbiology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/58611
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