The filamentous actinomycete that produces the antibiotic GE23077 was isolated by the Lepetit Research Group from a soil sample collected in Thailand, and it was classified as a member of the genus Actinomadura on the basis of its morphol-ogy and cell-wall composition. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that this strain formed a distinct monophyletic line within the genus Actinomadura, and it was most closely related to Actinomadura bangladeshensis DSM 45347T (99.31% similarity) and Actinomadura mexicana DSM 44485T (98.94%). The GE23077-producing strain formed an extensively branched, non-fragmented vegetative mycelium; no pseudosporangia were formed and the arthrospores were organized in slightly twisted chains. The cell wall contained meso-2,6-diaminopimelic acid and the diagnostic sugar was madu-rose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H6), with minor amounts of MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H4). The diagnostic phospho-lipids were phosphatidylinositol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major cellular fatty acids were C16:0 and tuberculostearic acid (10-methyloctadecanoic acid), followed by minor amounts of C18:1ω9c, C16:1ω7c and 10-methylheptadecanoic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 71.77 mol%. Significant differences in the morphological, chemotaxonomic and biochemical data, and the low DNA–DNA relatedness between the GE23077-producing strain and closely related type strains clearly demonstrate that it represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura lepetitiana sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NRRL B-65521T(=LMG 31258T=DSM 109019T).
|Titolo:||Description of the bacterial rna polymerase inhibitor ge23077-producer actinomadura sp. Nrrl b-65521t as actinomadura lepetitiana sp. nov|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|