In the framework of indoor air monitoring, this paper proposes an Internet of Things ready solution to detect and classify contaminants. It is based on a compact and low-power integrated system including both sensing and processing capabilities. The sensing is composed of a sensor array on which electrical impedance measurements are performed through a microchip, named SENSIPLUS, while the processing phase is mainly based on Machine Learning techniques, embedded in a low power and low resources micro controller unit, for classification purposes. An extensive experimental campaign on different contaminants has been carried out and raw sensor data have been processed through a lightweight Multi Layer Perceptron for embedded implementation. More complex and computationally costly Deep Learning techniques, as Convolutional Neural Network and Long Short Term Memory, have been adopted as a reference for the validation of Multi Layer Perceptron performance. Results prove good classification capabilities, obtaining an accuracy greater than 75% in average. The obtained results, jointly with the reduced computational costs of the solution, highlight that this proposal is a proof of concept for a pervasive IoT air monitoring system.

An End to End Indoor Air Monitoring System Based on Machine Learning and SENSIPLUS Platform

Massera E.
2020

Abstract

In the framework of indoor air monitoring, this paper proposes an Internet of Things ready solution to detect and classify contaminants. It is based on a compact and low-power integrated system including both sensing and processing capabilities. The sensing is composed of a sensor array on which electrical impedance measurements are performed through a microchip, named SENSIPLUS, while the processing phase is mainly based on Machine Learning techniques, embedded in a low power and low resources micro controller unit, for classification purposes. An extensive experimental campaign on different contaminants has been carried out and raw sensor data have been processed through a lightweight Multi Layer Perceptron for embedded implementation. More complex and computationally costly Deep Learning techniques, as Convolutional Neural Network and Long Short Term Memory, have been adopted as a reference for the validation of Multi Layer Perceptron performance. Results prove good classification capabilities, obtaining an accuracy greater than 75% in average. The obtained results, jointly with the reduced computational costs of the solution, highlight that this proposal is a proof of concept for a pervasive IoT air monitoring system.
air monitoring
Contaminant detection
deep learning
IoT
neural networks
sensor networks
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/58641
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