In this article, we introduce, test and discuss three quantum methods for computing hub and authority centrality scores in directed networks. The methods are based on unitary, continuous-time quantum walks; the construction of a suitable Hermitian Hamiltonian is achieved by performing a quantum walk on the associated bipartite graph. Two methods, called CQAu and CQAw, use the same evolution operator, inspired by the classical Hyperlink-Induced Topic Search (HITS) algorithm, but with different initial states; the computation of hub and authority scores is performed simultaneously. The third method, called CQG and inspired by classical PageRank, requires instead two separate runs with different evolution operators, one for hub and one for authority scores. The methods are tested on several directed graphs with different sizes and properties; a comparison with other well-established ranking algorithms is provided. CQAw emerges as the most reliable of the three methods and yields rankings that are largely compatible with results from HITS, although CQAu and CQG also present interesting features and potential for applications.

Quantum hub and authority centrality measures for directed networks based on continuous-time quantum walks

Grena R.
2021

Abstract

In this article, we introduce, test and discuss three quantum methods for computing hub and authority centrality scores in directed networks. The methods are based on unitary, continuous-time quantum walks; the construction of a suitable Hermitian Hamiltonian is achieved by performing a quantum walk on the associated bipartite graph. Two methods, called CQAu and CQAw, use the same evolution operator, inspired by the classical Hyperlink-Induced Topic Search (HITS) algorithm, but with different initial states; the computation of hub and authority scores is performed simultaneously. The third method, called CQG and inspired by classical PageRank, requires instead two separate runs with different evolution operators, one for hub and one for authority scores. The methods are tested on several directed graphs with different sizes and properties; a comparison with other well-established ranking algorithms is provided. CQAw emerges as the most reliable of the three methods and yields rankings that are largely compatible with results from HITS, although CQAu and CQG also present interesting features and potential for applications.
centrality
continuous-time quantum walk
directed networks
quantum walk
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/59841
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