Based on the heuristically generalized perturbation theory (HGPT) adapted to subcritical systems [1], a procedure for online operational monitoring of the subcriticality level of a hybrid fusion-fission system in which an “external” neutron source is generated in a magnetically confined tokamak-type plasma is described. This procedure [2], commonly referred to as power control-based subcriticality monitoring (PCSM), consists of compensating of slow and small movements of a specialized control rod in the nuclear fission zone, previously calibrated using a standard procedure, with equally slow and small alterations of the fusion neutron source. PCSM is verified by solving the multi-group transport equation for the direct flux, as well as for the importance function, associated with normalized fission power [3], and a technique is proposed for modifying the fusion neutron source strength based on plasma compression/expansion. Plasma and confining magnetic field adjustments, needed to implement the PCSM, are estimated with due account of the 0-D-plasma power balance.

Subcriticality monitoring in fusion-fission hybrid reactors

Burgio N.;Carta M.;Fabrizio V.;Falconi L.;Peluso V.;Santoro E.;
2021

Abstract

Based on the heuristically generalized perturbation theory (HGPT) adapted to subcritical systems [1], a procedure for online operational monitoring of the subcriticality level of a hybrid fusion-fission system in which an “external” neutron source is generated in a magnetically confined tokamak-type plasma is described. This procedure [2], commonly referred to as power control-based subcriticality monitoring (PCSM), consists of compensating of slow and small movements of a specialized control rod in the nuclear fission zone, previously calibrated using a standard procedure, with equally slow and small alterations of the fusion neutron source. PCSM is verified by solving the multi-group transport equation for the direct flux, as well as for the importance function, associated with normalized fission power [3], and a technique is proposed for modifying the fusion neutron source strength based on plasma compression/expansion. Plasma and confining magnetic field adjustments, needed to implement the PCSM, are estimated with due account of the 0-D-plasma power balance.
Fusion-fission hybrid reactor
Reactivity monitoring
Subcritical fission core
Subcritical multiplication factor
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/60847
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