In a medical accelerator, real-time monitoring systems of the beam and dose delivered to the patient are mandatory. In this work, we present a compact current profile detector that has been designed and tested in the framework of the TOP-IMPLART (Intensity Modulated Proton Linear Accelerator for RadioTerapy) project. This project foresees the realization of a proton linear accelerator, currently under construction at ENEA Frascati, for proton therapy applications. The linac produces a pulsed proton beam with 3 μs duration at 50 Hz repetition rate with a pulse current between 0.5 and 50 μA. A large dynamic range and spatial constraints make the use of usual noninterceptive beam diagnostics unfeasible. Therefore, the use of a beam current monitor based on a passive RF cavity working in the TM010 mode has been proposed. This paper reports the electromagnetic design of the device guided by a simplified analytical model. A prototype of such a device has been realized, characterized, and tested on the linac with a 35 MeV beam varying the beam current. The test results in air and in vacuum, together with the signal detection systems used, are presented.

Design and test of a compact beam current monitor based on a passive RF cavity for a proton therapy linear accelerator

Ampollini A.;Bazzano G.;Nenzi P.;Ronsivalle C.;Picardi L.
2021

Abstract

In a medical accelerator, real-time monitoring systems of the beam and dose delivered to the patient are mandatory. In this work, we present a compact current profile detector that has been designed and tested in the framework of the TOP-IMPLART (Intensity Modulated Proton Linear Accelerator for RadioTerapy) project. This project foresees the realization of a proton linear accelerator, currently under construction at ENEA Frascati, for proton therapy applications. The linac produces a pulsed proton beam with 3 μs duration at 50 Hz repetition rate with a pulse current between 0.5 and 50 μA. A large dynamic range and spatial constraints make the use of usual noninterceptive beam diagnostics unfeasible. Therefore, the use of a beam current monitor based on a passive RF cavity working in the TM010 mode has been proposed. This paper reports the electromagnetic design of the device guided by a simplified analytical model. A prototype of such a device has been realized, characterized, and tested on the linac with a 35 MeV beam varying the beam current. The test results in air and in vacuum, together with the signal detection systems used, are presented.
Humans
Particle Accelerators
Protons
Proton Therapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/60924
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