This work presents a thermohydraulic analysis of a postulated accident involving the rupture of the breeder primary cooling loop inside a heat exchanger (once through steam generator). After the detection of the loss of pressure inside the primary loop, a plasma shutdown is actuated with a consequent plasma disruption, isolation of the secondary loop, and shutoff of the pumps in the primary; no other safety counteractions are postulated. The objective of the work is to analyze the pressurization of the primary and secondary sides to show that the accidental overpressure in the two sides of the steam generators is safely accommodated. Furthermore, the effect of the plasma disruption on the FW, in terms of temperatures, should be analyzed. Lastly, the time transients of the pressures and temperatures in the HX and BB for a time span of up to 36 h should be obtained to assess the effect of the decay heat over a long period. A full nodalization of the OTSG was realized together with a simplified nodalization of the whole PHTS BB loop. The code utilized was MELCOR for fusion version 1.8.6. The accident was simulated by activating a flow path which directly connected one section of the primary with the parallel section of the secondary side. It is shown here that the pressures and the temperatures inside the whole PHTS system remain below the safety thresholds for the whole transient.

Numerical simulation of an out-vessel loss of coolant from the breeder primary loop due to large rupture of tubes in a primary heat exchanger in the demo wcll concept

Porfiri M. T.;
2021

Abstract

This work presents a thermohydraulic analysis of a postulated accident involving the rupture of the breeder primary cooling loop inside a heat exchanger (once through steam generator). After the detection of the loss of pressure inside the primary loop, a plasma shutdown is actuated with a consequent plasma disruption, isolation of the secondary loop, and shutoff of the pumps in the primary; no other safety counteractions are postulated. The objective of the work is to analyze the pressurization of the primary and secondary sides to show that the accidental overpressure in the two sides of the steam generators is safely accommodated. Furthermore, the effect of the plasma disruption on the FW, in terms of temperatures, should be analyzed. Lastly, the time transients of the pressures and temperatures in the HX and BB for a time span of up to 36 h should be obtained to assess the effect of the decay heat over a long period. A full nodalization of the OTSG was realized together with a simplified nodalization of the whole PHTS BB loop. The code utilized was MELCOR for fusion version 1.8.6. The accident was simulated by activating a flow path which directly connected one section of the primary with the parallel section of the secondary side. It is shown here that the pressures and the temperatures inside the whole PHTS system remain below the safety thresholds for the whole transient.
DEMO
MELCOR
PHTS
Safety analysis
WCLL-BB
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/61083
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