In this paper, the conceptual design of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Water-Cooled Lithium-Lead (WCLL) Test Blanket Module (TBM) Water Cooling System (WCS) from Europe is presented. The system consists of two loops in series. This design feature allows the removal of heat from the TBM box avoiding at the same time the release of radionuclides into the ITER Component Cooling Water System (CCWS), that acts as WCLL Test Blanket System heat sink. For this purpose, the WCS primary loop deals with the direct heat removal from the ITER TBM and the secondary one implements physical separation between the contaminated primary loop coolant and the CCWS. The insertion of an economizer into the primary loop determines the characteristic “eight” shape of the circuit. This choice was done in order to reduce the temperature difference on the intermediate heat exchanger. Hairpin type and steam bubble are the technologies selected for heat exchangers and pressurizers, respectively. Pressure and temperature control systems are foreseen to limit excursions from rated values in normal operational states and abnormal transients. A computational activity was promoted to assess the WCLL-WCS conceptual design, using a modified version of the RELAP5 Mod3.3 system code. A detailed thermal-hydraulic model was developed on the basis of design outcomes. The nodalization scheme includes the TBM, the WCS, a portion of the CCWS and the lithium-lead circuit. The computational campaign involved both the normal operational state and selected abnormal transients. In all the scenarios simulated, the conceptual design has highlighted the capability of operating the system respecting all the thermal-hydraulic requirements. The abnormal transient selected and presented is the loss of flow in the CCWS (loss of heat sink). In these conditions, TBM cooling function has been verified, keeping standard control strategies without any external action.

Conceptual design overview of the ITER WCLL Water Cooling System and supporting thermal-hydraulic analysis

Tincani A.;
2021

Abstract

In this paper, the conceptual design of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Water-Cooled Lithium-Lead (WCLL) Test Blanket Module (TBM) Water Cooling System (WCS) from Europe is presented. The system consists of two loops in series. This design feature allows the removal of heat from the TBM box avoiding at the same time the release of radionuclides into the ITER Component Cooling Water System (CCWS), that acts as WCLL Test Blanket System heat sink. For this purpose, the WCS primary loop deals with the direct heat removal from the ITER TBM and the secondary one implements physical separation between the contaminated primary loop coolant and the CCWS. The insertion of an economizer into the primary loop determines the characteristic “eight” shape of the circuit. This choice was done in order to reduce the temperature difference on the intermediate heat exchanger. Hairpin type and steam bubble are the technologies selected for heat exchangers and pressurizers, respectively. Pressure and temperature control systems are foreseen to limit excursions from rated values in normal operational states and abnormal transients. A computational activity was promoted to assess the WCLL-WCS conceptual design, using a modified version of the RELAP5 Mod3.3 system code. A detailed thermal-hydraulic model was developed on the basis of design outcomes. The nodalization scheme includes the TBM, the WCS, a portion of the CCWS and the lithium-lead circuit. The computational campaign involved both the normal operational state and selected abnormal transients. In all the scenarios simulated, the conceptual design has highlighted the capability of operating the system respecting all the thermal-hydraulic requirements. The abnormal transient selected and presented is the loss of flow in the CCWS (loss of heat sink). In these conditions, TBM cooling function has been verified, keeping standard control strategies without any external action.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/62187
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