Single Crystal Diamonds (sCD) have been selected as neutron detectors for the ITER Radial Neutron Camera (RNC). This paper investigates experimentally the hardness of these detectors to 14 MeV neutrons in order to have indications of their limits of applicability in the RNC. The experiment has been performed at the Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG) facility using three sCDs of different thickness (500,300,100μm). The degradation of the sCD Charge Collection Efficiency (CCE) with increasing 14 MeV neutron fluence has been found to be lower with decreasing sCD thickness. Strong polarization effects produced by the trapping of charge carriers in the defects produced by the neutron irradiation are observed already at about 4⋅1014n∕cm2 in the 100μm thick sCD. A software correction of the polarization effect is proposed, which enables to extend the sCD range of operation up to higher fluences. Taking into account such correction, a 50μm thick sCD is expected to reach 1015n∕cm2 with a CCE greater than 0.7.

Assessment of single crystal diamond detector radiation hardness to 14 MeV neutrons

Pompili F.;Esposito B.;Pillon M.;Angelone M.;Marocco D.;Pagano G.;Podda S.;Riva M.
2021

Abstract

Single Crystal Diamonds (sCD) have been selected as neutron detectors for the ITER Radial Neutron Camera (RNC). This paper investigates experimentally the hardness of these detectors to 14 MeV neutrons in order to have indications of their limits of applicability in the RNC. The experiment has been performed at the Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG) facility using three sCDs of different thickness (500,300,100μm). The degradation of the sCD Charge Collection Efficiency (CCE) with increasing 14 MeV neutron fluence has been found to be lower with decreasing sCD thickness. Strong polarization effects produced by the trapping of charge carriers in the defects produced by the neutron irradiation are observed already at about 4⋅1014n∕cm2 in the 100μm thick sCD. A software correction of the polarization effect is proposed, which enables to extend the sCD range of operation up to higher fluences. Taking into account such correction, a 50μm thick sCD is expected to reach 1015n∕cm2 with a CCE greater than 0.7.
Detector
Diamond
Neutron
Radiation hardness
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/62203
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
social impact