The design of the superconducting magnet system of the EU-DEMO tokamak reached the end of the pre-conceptual design phase, and a careful investigation of the parasitic heat load from the room-temperature environment is needed. A possible route for the parasitic heat to enter the toroidal field (TF) coils is by conduction through their Gravity Supports (GSs), which provide mechanical support to the TFs, the Vacuum Vessel (VV) and attached coils, acting as a thermal bridge to the TF casing. A thermal anchoring of the GS using Supercritical helium (SHe) at 4.5 K, re-routing a fraction of the coolant from the TF casing cooling loop, downstream of the casing, is addressed in this study. A 3D thermal model is developed for a plausible design of the EU-DEMO GS, coupled to fluid lines that account for the active cooling by SHe. The effect of the location of the Thermal Anchor (TA) at different heights of the GS plates is investigated parametrically and the beneficial reduction of the parasitic heat load to the TF coil is demonstrated. The reduction of the static heat load to the TF winding pack, when the TA is enabled, is computed and discussed.

Analysis of the effects of thermal anchors on the reduction of the parasitic load to the EU-DEMO TF coils

Corato V.
2021

Abstract

The design of the superconducting magnet system of the EU-DEMO tokamak reached the end of the pre-conceptual design phase, and a careful investigation of the parasitic heat load from the room-temperature environment is needed. A possible route for the parasitic heat to enter the toroidal field (TF) coils is by conduction through their Gravity Supports (GSs), which provide mechanical support to the TFs, the Vacuum Vessel (VV) and attached coils, acting as a thermal bridge to the TF casing. A thermal anchoring of the GS using Supercritical helium (SHe) at 4.5 K, re-routing a fraction of the coolant from the TF casing cooling loop, downstream of the casing, is addressed in this study. A 3D thermal model is developed for a plausible design of the EU-DEMO GS, coupled to fluid lines that account for the active cooling by SHe. The effect of the location of the Thermal Anchor (TA) at different heights of the GS plates is investigated parametrically and the beneficial reduction of the parasitic heat load to the TF coil is demonstrated. The reduction of the static heat load to the TF winding pack, when the TA is enabled, is computed and discussed.
EU-DEMO
Parasitic load
Superconducting magnets
TF coils
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/63910
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