In the framework of the EU DEMO fusion reactor technology development, a new steam generator consisting in a helical tube bundle is currently under study for the lithium-lead loop of the Dual Coolant Lithium Lead (DCLL) and Water Cooled Lithium Lead (WCLL) breeding blankets. This solution turns out to be very interesting for high power plants, since the helical geometry is very compact and it assures a high thermal power exchanged, taking up the minimum amount of space. In this framework, the ENEA Brasimone Research Centre supports the development of this innovative component by means of experimental activities, involving CIRCE, a large scale pool-type facility using Lead-Bismuth Eutectic as primary fluid and pressurized water as secondary fluid. The main components of a new test section named THETIS are: a Fuel Pin Simulator, acting as primary heating source, a vertical mechanical pump for the primary fluid circulation inside the main pool and a new prototypical helical coil steam generator mock-up, designed to be relevant for the DCLL and WCLL lithium-lead loop, acting as primary heat sink. In such configuration, the facility will be involved in a set of tests aiming at demonstrating the technological feasibility and thermal-hydraulic performances of this prototypical steam generator, as well as the suitability of the component for the lithium-lead loop in DEMO. The experiments will also provide a database for system thermal-hydraulic codes validation. The aim of this paper is to present the main layout of the CIRCE facility, to describe the preliminary design of the test section and the main features of the helical coil steam generator mock-up. Furthermore, a preliminary test analysis carried out by the system thermal hydraulic code RELAP5/Mod3.3 is presented. A numerical 1-D model of the helical coil steam generator has been set-up in order to test the performance of the component from a thermal-hydraulic point of view. An additional 3D CFD analysis was performed for the flow field of the HCSG to assess the secondary flow behaviour in the component and the pressure losses.

Preliminary design of a helical coil steam generator mock-up for the CIRCE facility for the development of DEMO LiPb heat exchanger

Tarantino M.;Lorusso P.;Del Nevo A.;Di Piazza I.;Martelli D.
2021

Abstract

In the framework of the EU DEMO fusion reactor technology development, a new steam generator consisting in a helical tube bundle is currently under study for the lithium-lead loop of the Dual Coolant Lithium Lead (DCLL) and Water Cooled Lithium Lead (WCLL) breeding blankets. This solution turns out to be very interesting for high power plants, since the helical geometry is very compact and it assures a high thermal power exchanged, taking up the minimum amount of space. In this framework, the ENEA Brasimone Research Centre supports the development of this innovative component by means of experimental activities, involving CIRCE, a large scale pool-type facility using Lead-Bismuth Eutectic as primary fluid and pressurized water as secondary fluid. The main components of a new test section named THETIS are: a Fuel Pin Simulator, acting as primary heating source, a vertical mechanical pump for the primary fluid circulation inside the main pool and a new prototypical helical coil steam generator mock-up, designed to be relevant for the DCLL and WCLL lithium-lead loop, acting as primary heat sink. In such configuration, the facility will be involved in a set of tests aiming at demonstrating the technological feasibility and thermal-hydraulic performances of this prototypical steam generator, as well as the suitability of the component for the lithium-lead loop in DEMO. The experiments will also provide a database for system thermal-hydraulic codes validation. The aim of this paper is to present the main layout of the CIRCE facility, to describe the preliminary design of the test section and the main features of the helical coil steam generator mock-up. Furthermore, a preliminary test analysis carried out by the system thermal hydraulic code RELAP5/Mod3.3 is presented. A numerical 1-D model of the helical coil steam generator has been set-up in order to test the performance of the component from a thermal-hydraulic point of view. An additional 3D CFD analysis was performed for the flow field of the HCSG to assess the secondary flow behaviour in the component and the pressure losses.
DEMO
Helical coil steam generator
LiPb technologies
RELAP5 code
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/63911
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