The European Research Roadmap to the Realisation of Fusion Energy foresees that the DEMO reactor is going to succeed ITER in the pathway towards the exploitation of nuclear fusion, achieving long plasma operation time, demonstrating tritium self-sufficiency and producing net electric output on an industrial scale. Therefore, its design must be more oriented towards the Balance of Plant (BoP) than it is in ITER. Since the early pre-conceptual phase of the DEMO project, emphasis has been laid on identifying the main requirements affecting the overall architecture of the BoP. For instance, specific efforts and proper solutions have been envisaged to cope with the pulsed nature of the heat source. Furthermore, the current development of two blanket concepts calls for two separate BoP options to be conceived. This paper summarizes the main alternatives outlined at the end of DEMO pre-conceptual design phase for the BoP concepts based on both the Helium-Cooled Pebble Bed (HCPB) and Water-Cooled Lithium Lead (WCLL) Breeding Blanket (BB) technologies. Then, the assumed reference configurations of both the BoP concepts are described in detail, highlighting the main features and the most relevant engineering aspects. Attention will be focussed on technological challenges, integration constraints and other open issues, highlighting pros and cons of the chosen BoP options to be further investigated in the next design phase.

Pre-conceptual design of EU DEMO balance of plant systems: Objectives and challenges

Del Nevo A.;Lorusso P.;Martelli E.;
2021

Abstract

The European Research Roadmap to the Realisation of Fusion Energy foresees that the DEMO reactor is going to succeed ITER in the pathway towards the exploitation of nuclear fusion, achieving long plasma operation time, demonstrating tritium self-sufficiency and producing net electric output on an industrial scale. Therefore, its design must be more oriented towards the Balance of Plant (BoP) than it is in ITER. Since the early pre-conceptual phase of the DEMO project, emphasis has been laid on identifying the main requirements affecting the overall architecture of the BoP. For instance, specific efforts and proper solutions have been envisaged to cope with the pulsed nature of the heat source. Furthermore, the current development of two blanket concepts calls for two separate BoP options to be conceived. This paper summarizes the main alternatives outlined at the end of DEMO pre-conceptual design phase for the BoP concepts based on both the Helium-Cooled Pebble Bed (HCPB) and Water-Cooled Lithium Lead (WCLL) Breeding Blanket (BB) technologies. Then, the assumed reference configurations of both the BoP concepts are described in detail, highlighting the main features and the most relevant engineering aspects. Attention will be focussed on technological challenges, integration constraints and other open issues, highlighting pros and cons of the chosen BoP options to be further investigated in the next design phase.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/63914
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