The water-cooled EU-DEMO Breeding Blanket (BB) is cooled by two independent circuits, the Breeder Zone (BZ) and the First Wall (FW) Primary Heat Transfer Systems (PHTS). The configuration under study foresees the presence of an Intermediate Heat Transfer System and an Energy Storage System to operate the turbine during both the pulse (2 h) and the dwell time (10 min) at almost constant load, despite the plasma power pulsation. Within the framework of the EUROfusion WPBOP research activity, a RELAP5/Mod3.3 model was developed to investigate the thermal-hydraulic behavior of the primary cooling systems during transient conditions belonging to the category of “Decrease in Coolant System Flow Rate”. The nodalization includes the BB, the PHTS circuits, the BZ Once Through Steam Generators and the FW Heat EXchangers. The model was initially used to simulate the nominal conditions with the pulse and dwell phases. Then, starting from the pulse, a Loss of Flow Accident (LOFA) was selected to preliminary evaluate the PHTS behavior with the aim of the design improvement. LOFA analyses were performed considering the complete loss of both the FW and BZ PHTS main coolant pumps (MCPs). A sensitivity was carried out to assess the impact of the MCPs flywheel on the main PHTS parameters. Transient results highlighted the appropriateness of the current design with no need for further mitigation actions.

Analysis of the thermal-hydraulic behavior of the EU-DEMO WCLL breeding blanket cooling systems during a loss of flow accident

Martelli E.;Del Nevo A.;
2021

Abstract

The water-cooled EU-DEMO Breeding Blanket (BB) is cooled by two independent circuits, the Breeder Zone (BZ) and the First Wall (FW) Primary Heat Transfer Systems (PHTS). The configuration under study foresees the presence of an Intermediate Heat Transfer System and an Energy Storage System to operate the turbine during both the pulse (2 h) and the dwell time (10 min) at almost constant load, despite the plasma power pulsation. Within the framework of the EUROfusion WPBOP research activity, a RELAP5/Mod3.3 model was developed to investigate the thermal-hydraulic behavior of the primary cooling systems during transient conditions belonging to the category of “Decrease in Coolant System Flow Rate”. The nodalization includes the BB, the PHTS circuits, the BZ Once Through Steam Generators and the FW Heat EXchangers. The model was initially used to simulate the nominal conditions with the pulse and dwell phases. Then, starting from the pulse, a Loss of Flow Accident (LOFA) was selected to preliminary evaluate the PHTS behavior with the aim of the design improvement. LOFA analyses were performed considering the complete loss of both the FW and BZ PHTS main coolant pumps (MCPs). A sensitivity was carried out to assess the impact of the MCPs flywheel on the main PHTS parameters. Transient results highlighted the appropriateness of the current design with no need for further mitigation actions.
Balance of plant
DEMO
Loss of flow accident
Primary heat transfer system
RELAP5
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/65430
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