The manganese-ferrite thermochemical cycle developed by ENEA for hydrogen production, whose maximum temperature level lays in the range 750-800. °C, has a high potential for coupling with the solar source using conventional structural materials. As a first step for the on sun feasibility validation of the cycle, an experimental survey of the thermal performance of a receiver-reactor designed by ENEA, to be powered by a solar furnace (1. kW), has been carried out in the absence of a reaction. The temperature distribution over the reactor chamber as a function of solar irradiation has been measured and the thermal inertia of the system has been evaluated. The experimental results confirm that the reactor temperature and inertia are compatible with the manganese-ferrite cycle and other cycles operating at moderate temperatures. In order to set the basis for the evaluation of this and other similar prototypes, a finite element model (FEM) has been developed to describe the thermofluidodynamic behavior of the reactor. Good agreement between calculated and experimental data has been obtained; therefore this model will be improved and extended to describe both the hydrogen and oxygen releasing reactions of the manganese-ferrite cycle, with the aim of optimizing the reactor design. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Thermal characterization of a cavity receiver for hydrogen production by thermochemical cycles operating at moderate temperatures

Grena, R.;Varsano, F.;Lanchi, M.
2013

Abstract

The manganese-ferrite thermochemical cycle developed by ENEA for hydrogen production, whose maximum temperature level lays in the range 750-800. °C, has a high potential for coupling with the solar source using conventional structural materials. As a first step for the on sun feasibility validation of the cycle, an experimental survey of the thermal performance of a receiver-reactor designed by ENEA, to be powered by a solar furnace (1. kW), has been carried out in the absence of a reaction. The temperature distribution over the reactor chamber as a function of solar irradiation has been measured and the thermal inertia of the system has been evaluated. The experimental results confirm that the reactor temperature and inertia are compatible with the manganese-ferrite cycle and other cycles operating at moderate temperatures. In order to set the basis for the evaluation of this and other similar prototypes, a finite element model (FEM) has been developed to describe the thermofluidodynamic behavior of the reactor. Good agreement between calculated and experimental data has been obtained; therefore this model will be improved and extended to describe both the hydrogen and oxygen releasing reactions of the manganese-ferrite cycle, with the aim of optimizing the reactor design. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Cavity receiver;Hydrogen production;Thermofluidodynamic model;Manganese ferrite cycle;Solar furnace
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/660
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
social impact