Controlling the crystallization of perovskite in a thin film is essential in making solar cells. Processing tin-based perovskite films from solution is challenging because of the uncontrollable faster crystallization of tin than the most used lead perovskite. The best performing devices are prepared by depositing perovskite from dimethyl sulfoxide because it slows down the assembly of the tin-iodine network that forms perovskite. However, while dimethyl sulfoxide seems the best solution to control the crystallization, it oxidizes tin during processing. This work demonstrates that 4-(tert-butyl) pyridine can replace dimethyl sulfoxide to control the crystallization without oxidizing tin. We show that tin perovskite films deposited from pyridine have a 1 order of magnitude lower defect density, which promotes charge mobility and photovoltaic performance.

Pyridine Controlled Tin Perovskite Crystallization

Mercaldo L. V.;Delli Veneri P.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Controlling the crystallization of perovskite in a thin film is essential in making solar cells. Processing tin-based perovskite films from solution is challenging because of the uncontrollable faster crystallization of tin than the most used lead perovskite. The best performing devices are prepared by depositing perovskite from dimethyl sulfoxide because it slows down the assembly of the tin-iodine network that forms perovskite. However, while dimethyl sulfoxide seems the best solution to control the crystallization, it oxidizes tin during processing. This work demonstrates that 4-(tert-butyl) pyridine can replace dimethyl sulfoxide to control the crystallization without oxidizing tin. We show that tin perovskite films deposited from pyridine have a 1 order of magnitude lower defect density, which promotes charge mobility and photovoltaic performance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/67189
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