In recent decades, the innovative practice of management and valorization of agrozootechnical waste as energy through anaerobic digestion (AD) has been rapidly growing. However, whether applying digestate to soil as biofertilizer can be a source of antibiotics (ABs) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) has not been fully investigated so far. In this work the ARGs responsible for sulfamethoxazole (SMX) resistance (sul1, sul2), ciprofloxacin (CIP) resistance (qnrS, qepA, aac-(6′)-Ib-cr) and the mobile genetic element intl1, together with the concentrations of the antibiotics SMX and CIP, were measured in several anaerobic digesters located in Central Italy. Based on these results, the concentrations of antibiotics and ARGs which can potentially reach soil through amendment with digestate were also estimated. The highest CIP and SMX concentrations were found during winter and spring in anaerobic digesters. The highest ARG abundances were found for the aac-(6’)-Ib-cr and sul2 genes. The overall results showed that application of digestate to soil does not exclude AB contamination and spread of ARGs in agroecosystems, especially in the case of ciprofloxacin, owing to its high intrinsic persistence.

Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in anaerobic digesters and predicted concentrations in agroecosystems

Massini G.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In recent decades, the innovative practice of management and valorization of agrozootechnical waste as energy through anaerobic digestion (AD) has been rapidly growing. However, whether applying digestate to soil as biofertilizer can be a source of antibiotics (ABs) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) has not been fully investigated so far. In this work the ARGs responsible for sulfamethoxazole (SMX) resistance (sul1, sul2), ciprofloxacin (CIP) resistance (qnrS, qepA, aac-(6′)-Ib-cr) and the mobile genetic element intl1, together with the concentrations of the antibiotics SMX and CIP, were measured in several anaerobic digesters located in Central Italy. Based on these results, the concentrations of antibiotics and ARGs which can potentially reach soil through amendment with digestate were also estimated. The highest CIP and SMX concentrations were found during winter and spring in anaerobic digesters. The highest ARG abundances were found for the aac-(6’)-Ib-cr and sul2 genes. The overall results showed that application of digestate to soil does not exclude AB contamination and spread of ARGs in agroecosystems, especially in the case of ciprofloxacin, owing to its high intrinsic persistence.
2022
Cattle manure
Ciprofloxacin
Digestate
Sulfamethoxazole
Zootechnical waste
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/73009
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