Embedding optical fibers with fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors in 3-D-printed samples can effectively facilitate the systematic use of smart materials in many fields, such as civil, biomedical, and soft robotics applications. The aim of this study is to analyze different combinations of filament materials and FBG coatings and to assess their metrological characteristics. Eighteen samples are fabricated and tested under different mechanical and thermal conditions. The repeated tests allow to perform an evaluation of the measurement repeatability for each sample, along with an analysis of the sample's sensitivity. The filaments employed are acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polylactic acid (PLA), and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU). The fiber coatings are acrylate, Ormocer,Registered trademark. and polyimide. Results indicate that the fiber coating has no sigificative influence on the performance of the sensors. The tests for temperature sensitivity highlight a good performance of ABS (116 pm/°C) and TPU samples (32 pm/°C) up to 60 °C, whereas the fabricated PLA samples (139 pm/°C for polyimide, 55 pm/°C for acrylate, and 14 pm/°C for Ormocer1) cannot be used above 40 °C. The tests for strain sensitivity in axial elongation show an average sensitivity of 3.049 nm/mm for ABS, 1.991 nm/mm for PLA, and 3.726 nm/mm for TPU. The bending tests show that all specimen materials have different sensitivities to elongation (2.994 nm/mm for ABS, 0.668 nm/mm for PLA, and 0.149 nm/mm for TPU). Only for acrylate in PLA samples, an effective difference for bending sensitivity resulted (1.241 nm/mm for the acrylate coating versus 2.366 nm/mm for the other coatings).

Three-Dimensional-Printed Sensing Samples Embedding Fiber Bragg Gratings: Metrological Evaluation of Different Sample Materials and Fiber Coatings

Polimadei A.;Orsetti V.;Mazzotta C.;Caponero M. A.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Embedding optical fibers with fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors in 3-D-printed samples can effectively facilitate the systematic use of smart materials in many fields, such as civil, biomedical, and soft robotics applications. The aim of this study is to analyze different combinations of filament materials and FBG coatings and to assess their metrological characteristics. Eighteen samples are fabricated and tested under different mechanical and thermal conditions. The repeated tests allow to perform an evaluation of the measurement repeatability for each sample, along with an analysis of the sample's sensitivity. The filaments employed are acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polylactic acid (PLA), and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU). The fiber coatings are acrylate, Ormocer,Registered trademark. and polyimide. Results indicate that the fiber coating has no sigificative influence on the performance of the sensors. The tests for temperature sensitivity highlight a good performance of ABS (116 pm/°C) and TPU samples (32 pm/°C) up to 60 °C, whereas the fabricated PLA samples (139 pm/°C for polyimide, 55 pm/°C for acrylate, and 14 pm/°C for Ormocer1) cannot be used above 40 °C. The tests for strain sensitivity in axial elongation show an average sensitivity of 3.049 nm/mm for ABS, 1.991 nm/mm for PLA, and 3.726 nm/mm for TPU. The bending tests show that all specimen materials have different sensitivities to elongation (2.994 nm/mm for ABS, 0.668 nm/mm for PLA, and 0.149 nm/mm for TPU). Only for acrylate in PLA samples, an effective difference for bending sensitivity resulted (1.241 nm/mm for the acrylate coating versus 2.366 nm/mm for the other coatings).
2023
3-D print
Embedding
Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors
Fiber coating
Filament material
Metrological characterization
Sensitivity analysis
Smart material
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/76169
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