AGILE is a mission of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) Scientific Program dedicated to γ-ray astrophysics, and has operated in a low Earth orbit since 2007 April 23. It is designed to be a very light and compact instrument, capable of simultaneously detecting and imaging photons in the 18-60 keV X-ray energy band and in the 30 MeV-50 GeV γ-ray energy range with a good angular resolution (≈1 @ 1 GeV). The core of the instrument is the Silicon Tracker, supplemented by a CsI calorimeter and an AntiCoincidence system, which form the Gamma Ray Imaging Detector (GRID). Before launch, the GRID needed on-ground calibration with a tagged γ-ray beam to estimate its performance and validate the Monte Carlo simulation. The GRID was calibrated using a tagged γ-ray beam with energy up to 500 MeV at the Beam Test Facilities at the INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati. These data are used to validate a GEANT 3-based simulation by comparing the data and the Monte Carlo simulation by measuring the angular and energy resolutions. The GRID angular and energy resolutions obtained using the beam agree well with the Monte Carlo simulation. Therefore the simulation, can be used to simulate the same performance on-flight with high reliability. © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.