There is an increasing scientific interest in studying vehicular traffic pollution in road tunnels. This is due both to the interest in evaluating the effect that the different polluting gases can have on the driving style of motorists and also to the hypothesis that tunnels could be considered as closed systems in which the vehicular traffic–pollution correlation is easier to study because it is more easily separated from other effects. In this work, a system of low-cost IoT sensor nodes for the detection of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), particulate matters (PM1, PM2.5, PM10), relative humidity (RH) and temperature (T) has been installed in an Italian tunnel, where vehicular traffic has been measured and classified for type of vehicles. The results of the measurement campaign, which lasted 3 months, from April to June 2022, allowed us to state that road tunnels actually behave like closed and isolated systems in which pollution may be directly correlated to the traffic volume and type. Furthermore, data show that quite high values of the major pollutants are observable in the tunnel in comparison to the external environment. As such, IoT sensor nodes may contribute to a distributed measuring approach on the road tunnel system mechanics assessment including, as an example, the operational impacts of forced ventilation.

Correlating Air Pollution Concentrations and Vehicular Emissions in an Italian Roadway Tunnel by Means of Low Cost Sensors

De Vito S.;Del Giudice A.;D'Elia G.;Esposito E.;Fattoruso G.;Ferlito S.;Formisano F.;Massera E.;Di Francia G.
2023-01-01

Abstract

There is an increasing scientific interest in studying vehicular traffic pollution in road tunnels. This is due both to the interest in evaluating the effect that the different polluting gases can have on the driving style of motorists and also to the hypothesis that tunnels could be considered as closed systems in which the vehicular traffic–pollution correlation is easier to study because it is more easily separated from other effects. In this work, a system of low-cost IoT sensor nodes for the detection of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), particulate matters (PM1, PM2.5, PM10), relative humidity (RH) and temperature (T) has been installed in an Italian tunnel, where vehicular traffic has been measured and classified for type of vehicles. The results of the measurement campaign, which lasted 3 months, from April to June 2022, allowed us to state that road tunnels actually behave like closed and isolated systems in which pollution may be directly correlated to the traffic volume and type. Furthermore, data show that quite high values of the major pollutants are observable in the tunnel in comparison to the external environment. As such, IoT sensor nodes may contribute to a distributed measuring approach on the road tunnel system mechanics assessment including, as an example, the operational impacts of forced ventilation.
2023
air quality
car emission
IoT sensor nodes
pollution
road tunnel
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/76327
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